Verfassungsblog - Artikel vom Januar 2018

  • 30 days, six months… forever? Border control and the French Council of State

    For Christmas 2017, the French Council of State – the Supreme Court for administrative matters in France – gave a nasty present to those attached to the free movement of persons in the Schengen area. In a ruling issued on 28 December (see here, in French), it upheld the decision of the French Government to reintroduce, for the ninth time in a row, identity control at its “internal” borders, i.

    Sébastien Platon/ Verfassungsblog- 65 Leser -
  • Catalonia in deadlock, and why that is a European problem

    The Catalan territorial conflict is stuck. That is not good news here. It does not mean that the conflict is being contained or the escalation stopped or anything like that. “Stuck” means that no clear solutions are on the table right now. That secessionists revalidated their parliamentary majority in the elections in Catalonia last week (despite the fact that they are also “ ...

    Verfassungsblog- 42 Leser -
  • The Commission takes a step back in the fight for the Rule of Law

    (1) Media reports of 20 December 2017 almost dwarfed the news of the Commission moving to initiate the judicial stage of the infringement proceedings against Poland based on Article 258 TFEU, in relation to certain provisions of the Act on the Common Courts System (the CCS Act). Under these proceedings, the breach of EU law may be established by the CJEU much faster than in t ...

    Verfassungsblog- 70 Leser -
  • Memory Politics and Academic Freedom: Some Recent Controversies in Greece

    An important area where law and historical memory intersect is the use of memory laws to express collective disapproval of crimes against humanity. These laws, although based on a compelling need to use the symbolic dimension of the law in order to condemn the lowest points of history, can have dangerous unintended consequences for freedom of speech.

    Verfassungsblog- 61 Leser -
  • Four Indian Supreme Court Judges Accuse the Chief Justice of Wrongdoing

    ‘The administration of the court is not in order!’, fumed Jasti Chelameswar of the Indian Supreme Court on 12 January, 2018, from the lawn of his luxuriant Lutyen’s bungalow, where the occasional peacock gawked confused at the intrusion of loud-mouthed reporters into Delhi’s innermost power sanctum. The new year started with a bang. ‘We owe a responsibility to the institution and to the nation.

    Verfassungsblog- 38 Leser -
  • Streikrecht für Staatsdiener? – Spagat am Bundesverfassungs­gericht

    Am Mittwoch hat sich Karlsruhe ausgiebig mit dem Beamtenstreikverbot befasst. Ein alter Hut ist das längst nicht mehr. Anlass waren vier Verfassungsbeschwerden (Az.: 2 BvR 1738/12, 2 BvR 1395/13, 2 BvR 1068/14, 2 BvR 646/15) – eingereicht von drei Lehrerinnen und einem Lehrer aus Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein und Nordrhein-Westfalen.

    Verfassungsblog- 88 Leser -
  • Law and Memory

    Hanna Arendt warned that the fragile truth of historical facts was vulnerable not only to being forgotten but also to manipulation (Arendt, Human Condition, Chicago University Press 1958, p. 232). However, she was probably not referring to a necessity to introduce so-called memory laws, which represent an attempt by governments to legally preserve the memory of the past.

    Verfassungsblog- 58 Leser -
  • Memory Laws and Security

    Security concerns are rarely openly invoked for the justification or in the preambles of memory laws – laws endorsing certain narratives about the past, often aimed at strengthening the collective identity of a nation or community. However, the notion of ‘security’ is invoked in broader debates over the legal governance of collective memory.

    Verfassungsblog- 88 Leser -
  • Law and Historical Memory: Theorising the Discipline

    Western history is largely a history of writing its own history. From Thucydides, Livy and Tacitus to our own time, most of what we call ‘History’ consists of ‘histories’ – events situated in time and place to instruct contemporaries and posterity. With the Enlightenment, however, questions start to arise as to whether ‘History’ is something more.

    Verfassungsblog- 74 Leser -
  • The Kundera Case and the Neurotic Collective Memory of Postcommunism

    History is a battlefield of present politics. Dealing with the past reveals the power struggles and strategies of the present. Past events are both denounced and glorified by political agents of the present hoping to weaken their enemies. However, the past also contains injustices and political crimes and any decision not to deal with them in the present only reaffirms them an ...

    Verfassungsblog- 51 Leser -
  • Is the Crime in the Eye of the Beholder?

    In February 2017, in a decision which was quickly translated into English, the French constitutional council ruled as unconstitutional a law that prohibited the usual consultation of terrorist websites. A few days later, the Parliament reinstated a modified version of this offense. It was, however, struck down again by the Constitutional Council on December 15th 2017. I.

    Thomas Hochmann/ Verfassungsblog- 72 Leser -
  • Chiles Verfassungs­reform – erfolgreicher Bürger­beteiligungs­prozess?

    Chile befindet sich in einem Verfassungsreformprozess. Die aktuelle Verfassung ist aus dem Jahr 1980 und stammt von Diktator Augusto Pinochet und seiner Militärjunta. Auch die vielen Verfassungsänderungen seit 1990 sind nach Alvaro Ramis, Präsident des Zentrums für kulturelle Bürgerstudien, wie das Schälen einer Zwiebel: Obwohl Schale für Schale der Verfassungsnormen veränder ...

    Verfassungsblog- 72 Leser -
  • Memory Wars of Commercial Worth – The Legal Status of the Red Star in Hungary

    In March 2017, the Hungarian government introduced a proposition to expand the prohibition on the public display of totalitarian symbols. The public use of five symbols – the swastika, the SS runes, the Arrow Cross, the hammer and the sickle and the five-pointed red star – has been illegal in Hungary since 1993, with the exception of displays for artistic, scientific or educational reasons.

    Verfassungsblog- 44 Leser -
  • Final Thoughts on Mnemonic Constitutionalism

    Yesterday’s essay by Ionna Tourkochoriti about recent memory politics in Greece marks the conclusion of our first online symposium on memory laws, jointly conducted by the T.M.C. Asser Institute (The Hague) and Verfassungsblog. Twelve scholars from eight countries have offered their critical perspectives on the legal governance of historical memory, categorised under the common ...

    Verfassungsblog- 66 Leser -
  • Das NetzDG und die Vermutung für die Freiheit der Rede

    Das Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz (NetzDG) verstößt gegen die grundrechtliche Vermutung für die Freiheit der Rede. Das heißt nicht, dass die sozialen Netzwerke nicht reguliert werden dürften. Eine solche Regulierung darf aber nicht nur das „Zuwenig-Löschen“ bekämpfen, sondern muss zugleich dem „Zuviel-Löschen“ entgegenwirken. 1.

    Mathias Hong/ Verfassungsblog- 91 Leser -
  • Meet the Demogorgon

    Dear Friends of Verfassungsblog, If you watch Netflix, you may have come across a very popular show called Stranger Things. It is about four boys in a small American town in the 80s who like to play Dungeons & Dragons in the basement until one of them, Will Byers, suddenly gets sucked into a foul counter-world which mirrors exactly the real one but is covered with blackish ...

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 94 Leser -
  • The Right to the Truth for the Families of Victims of the Katyń Massacre

    In recent decades, the jurisprudence of international human rights tribunals has aimed at crystallising the “right to the truth”. This concept was developed in the context of enforced disappearances in South American countries but has also been invoked in dealing with the past in Europe, for instance in the case of accounting for the crimes of the Franco regime.

    Verfassungsblog- 71 Leser -
  • Memory Politics in Hungary: Political Justice without Rule of Law

    After the 1989-90 democratic transition, Poland and Hungary were the first to introduce the institutional framework of constitutional democracy and of transitional justice. For a number of reasons, including a lack of democratic traditions and constitutional culture, after the 2010 parliamentary elections, liberal constitutionalism became a victim of the authoritarian efforts o ...

    Gábor Halmai/ Verfassungsblog- 58 Leser -
  • So much Love

    In the unsentimental world of constitutional law we rarely engage in romance. But I have to say, what is going on between the ECJ and the German Federal Constitutional Court is touching my heart. That old couple, together for ages. We love them both very dearly and their horrific periodical quarrels have been such a pain to watch, and every once in a while we even came close to ...

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 69 Leser -

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