Verfassungsblog - Artikel vom Januar 2017

  • Is Article 50 Reversible? On Politics Beyond Legal Doctrine

    Reversibility of the notification to withdraw is at the center of interpretative disputes on article 50 TEU. The UK government argued and the High Court upheld that the notification of withdrawal is not revocable. Virtually, all parties at the Supreme Court case have held the same view. On the contrary side of the argument, consensus among scholars (Paul Craig,1 Daniel Sarmient ...

    Verfassungsblog- 73 Leser -
  • Poland and the European Commission, Part I: A Dialogue of the Deaf?

    On 21 December 2016, the European Commission adopted an additional Recommendation regarding the rule of law in Poland, which it justified on two main grounds: important issues remained unresolved while ‘new concerns’ had arisen in the meantime (see press release; fact sheet and Recommendation). The Commission’s new Recommendation again pressed its old demands that the Polish ...

    Verfassungsblog- 40 Leser -
  • New Constitutional Amendment Proposal in Turkey: A Threat to Pluralistic Democracy!

    Turkey is at an important crossroad. 316 MPs of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) offered a constitutional amendment proposal, which was accepted last week after serious debates in the Turkish parliament. A total of 339 MPs of the AKP and the ultranationalist MHP voted in favour of the amendment. And it will proceed to a referendum that will likely be held in early April.

    Verfassungsblog- 81 Leser -
  • "A Terrible Signal that International Law can be Flaunted without Consequence"

    It has been three days since President Trump has ordered border control authorities to bar citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the US, with hundreds of lawful residents or refugees with resettlement visa detained or even deported after arriving at US airports. Has the dust settled now enough to tell what this order ensues beyond intentionally making the ...

    Verfassungsblog- 39 Leser -
  • Strangers, Adversaries, Enemies

    Dear Friends of Verfassungsblog, next Tuesday, the German Federal Constitutional Court will deliver its judgment on the ban of the right-wing extremist National Democratic Party (NPD), requested by the States that wield police power in Germany’s federal system. That case is of huge importance not just for Germany as it raises a number of questions that many liberal democracies ...

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 99 Leser -
  • Legal Disintegration? The Ruling of the Danish Supreme Court in AJOS

    On December 6, 2016, the Supreme Court of Denmark (SCDK) ruled in the Ajos case1)Case no. 15/2014 Dansk Industri (DI) acting for Ajos A/S vs. The estate left by A. An unofficial and informal translation is available here. The ruling will be read, remembered and taught as an example of defiance of clear guidelines from the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) by the hig ...

    Verfassungsblog- 72 Leser -
  • Der „Anschein der Neutralität“ als schützenswertes Verfassungsgut?

    Seit dem (noch nicht rechtskräftigen) Augsburger Richterspruch vom Juni 2016 haben Kopftuchverbote wieder Konjunktur. In dem von mir angestrengten Verfahren vor dem Verwaltungsgericht Augsburg ging und geht es zwar nicht um das Amt des Berufsrichters, sondern um unzumutbare Beschränkungen bereits in meiner Referendarausbildung.

    Verfassungsblog- 82 Leser -
  • Der Burkini als Technological Fix

    Während in ersten öffentlichen Bädern in Deutschland und der Schweiz Burkinis verboten worden sind, befand der Europäische Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte am 10. Januar 2017, dass der Burkini ein Mittel sein kann, die Teilnahme muslimischer Kinder am koedukativen Schwimmunterricht zu ermöglichen. Der schonende Interessenausgleich, der so erreicht werden konnte, war nur durch d ...

    Verfassungsblog- 62 Leser -
  • The Turkish Constitutional Court under the Amended Turkish Constitution

    In March 2016, the Turkish Constitutional Court (TCC) ruled that the rights of the Turkish journalists Can Dündar and Erdem Gül had been violated, leading to their release from prison after three months. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan responded by criticizing the TCC sharply, questioning its existence and legitimacy. This had not been the first time over the last years, that the Court had been attacked.

    Verfassungsblog- 67 Leser -
  • Stable Majorities in Italy: an Interview with FRANCESCO CLEMENTI

    The „Italicum“ law aims to fix what has ailed the Italian political system for decades: elections produce unstable majorities at best, and thereby unstable and often dysfunctional governments. Does it achieve that aim? It is correct what you say. In fact, the Italian Electoral law called Italicum came into force on 1 July 2016.

    Verfassungsblog- 28 Leser -
  • Scarves, Slaves and the Nearly Headless NPD

    Dear Friends of Verfassungsblog, Sir Nicholas de Mimsy-Porpington is a spectral character from the Harry Potter saga whose distinguishing mark is that his head is disconnected to his body but for an inch of skin and sinew, due to his botched beheading back in 1492, which is why he went by the moniker "Nearly Headless Nick" ever since.

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 64 Leser -
  • Us and Them

    (c) phil_k, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Dear Friends of Verfassungsblog, on new year’s eve, at the main station of Cologne, a curious scene took place: People were arriving en masse to celebrate on the vast open space between the station and the towering cathedral. To get there they had to pass a line of policemen positioned before the main entrance of the station who ordered them to ta ...

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 88 Leser -
  • President Trump and the Foreign Emoluments Clause

    The election of Donald Trump to the American presidency has, among other things, brought newfound attention to one of the sleepier provisions of the U.S. Constitution. The foreign emoluments clause provides that “no person holding any office of profit or trust under [the United States], shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or t ...

    Verfassungsblog- 30 Leser -
  • The Hungarian Constitutional Court and Constitutional Identity

    Ever since the 2010 parliamentary elections Hungary has set off on the journey to became an ‘illiberal’ member state of the EU, which does not comply with the shared values of rule of law and democracy, the ‘basic structure’ of Europe. The new government of Viktor Orbán from the very beginning has justified the non-compliance by referring to national sovereignty, (even using th ...

    Gábor Halmai/ Verfassungsblog- 49 Leser -
  • Poland and the European Commission, Part II: Hearing the Siren Song of the Rule of Law

    As Poland has careened away from the rule of law, the European Commission has struggled to work out its response. The new “complementary Recommendation” issued on 21 December 2016 gives the Polish government more time to address the Commission’s growing set of serious concerns, but it is already clear that the Polish government is using its extra time to further consolidate i ...

    Verfassungsblog- 54 Leser -
  • Sailing uncharted waters – for how long? On transitional post-Brexit trade arrangements

    On 6 December 2016, Michel Barnier, the Commission’s Chief Negotiator for Brexit, stated that the EU is entering uncharted waters in its negotiations with the UK. At the same time, he made clear that this journey will not be a long one; although Article 50 TEU provides for a two-year negotiation period ahead of the UK’s withdrawal, the time effectively available for talks wil ...

    Verfassungsblog- 68 Leser -
  • Sklavenhalter auf Europa-Urlaub: Nicht unser Problem?

    Am Dienstag, überlagert vom NPD-Urteil, kam eine Kammerentscheidung des EGMR in Straßburg, die mehr Aufmerksamkeit verdient hätte. Es geht darin um eine Familie aus Dubai, die drei filipinische Frauen wie Haussklavinnen hielt: Sie mussten arbeiten bis zum Umfallen, durften das Haus nicht alleine verlassen, kein eigenes Telefon besitzen, bekamen das versprochene Geld nicht bez ...

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 132 Leser -
  • Social Bots: Wegbereiter der Maschinokratie

    Die Digitalisierung des öffentlichen Raumes galt lange Zeit als Quelle für ein Mehr an Demokratie. Mit der Etablierung sozialer Medien gehe eine intensivere Teilhabe weiter Bevölkerungsschichten an öffentlichen Diskursen einher, so das gängige Credo. Facebook, Twitter und Co. böten damit einen Resonanzraum für politische Entscheidungsprozesse, den die Kommentarspalten in der ...

    Verfassungsblog- 81 Leser -
  • Der Demokratie zumutbar? Zum NPD-Verbotsurteil des BVerfG

    Karlsruhe: in der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland wurde immer wieder dorthin geblickt, zum Sitz des Bundesverfassungsgerichts. Die Entscheidungen des BVerfG haben stets etwas verheißungsvolles, den sechzehn Richterinnen und Richtern wird die Lösung von Problemen anvertraut, die sich den Mitteln der Politik zu entziehen scheinen. So auch heute.

    Verfassungsblog- 63 Leser -
  • The Italian Constitutional Court in re Taricco: “Gauweiler in the Roman Campagna”

    A new chapter of the so-called judicial dialogue was opened on 26 January 2017 by the Italian Constitutional Court (ICC) through the submission of a reference for preliminary ruling (order 24/2017) to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The submission challenged the Taricco case law of the CJEU (Case C-105/15 decided in 2015). In the case at issue, Mr.

    Verfassungsblog- 74 Leser -
  • The Supreme Court in Miller – some early comments

    The UK Supreme Court’s decision in the Miller appeal was probably greeted with a sigh of relief in 10 Downing Street. Sure, the Government will now need to seek parliamentary approval for triggering Article 50 TEU and starting the formal process of withdrawing from the EU, but the much greater political danger of having to also seek the consent of the devolved parliaments of Sc ...

    Tobias Lock/ Verfassungsblog- 79 Leser -
  • Shaking off Constitutional Constraints

    Dear Friends of Verfassungsblog, all eyes have been on the UK Supreme Court this week as the "case of the century" in British constitutional law about Parliament’s right to have a say in exiting the European Union came to an end. While most commentators praised the result as a powerful reinforcement of Parliamentary sovereignty, MARK DAWSON begged to differ: "Something of a da ...

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 64 Leser -
  • Money Makes the Court Go Round: The Russian Constitutional Court’s Yukos Judgment

    On 19 December 2017 the Russian Constitutional Court (RCC) ruled that payment of just satisfaction in the Yukos case was contrary to the Russian Constitution. It is the first time the apex court of a Council of Europe member state concluded that it should not pay just satisfaction. This blog post provides the background of the case, sums up the reasoning of the RCC and assess ...

    Verfassungsblog- 50 Leser -
  • The Incompatibility of the Definition of Torture in Greece with International Law

    In the course of its visits since 1993 and reports on Greece the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) has recorded numerous cases of torture and other forms of ill-treatment. In its 2015 visit report on Greece, CPT noted that infliction of ill-treatment by law enforcement agents, particularly against foreign nationals, including for the purpose of obtaining ...

    Verfassungsblog- 76 Leser -
  • Warum Vertrauen in die Neutralität der Justiz ein schützenswertes Verfassungsgut ist

    Verhüllende Bekleidung wie der Hidschab (das Haare, Hals und Teile der Stirn abdeckende Kopftuch) signalisieren die Zugehörigkeit zu einer islamischen Glaubensrichtung. Gleichzeitig handelt es sich um eine Sittsamkeitspraktik, die europäische Gesellschaften mit der „Gleichzeitigkeit des Ungleichzeitigen“ konfrontiert: Es kehren Erwartungen an die „ehrbare“ Frau zurück, die di ...

    Verfassungsblog- 344 Leser -
  • The Ljubljana Initiative for Re-Launching the European Integration

    It is a sign of unconventional times when earnest people wish you a less exciting year 2017 compared to the one that has just, luckily, passed. Starting a new year, a less exciting one then, is an opportunity for reckoning about the past and for charting the plans for the future. For those who care about the project of European integration, these are no easy moments.

    Matej Avbelj/ Verfassungsblog- 88 Leser -
  • Is there Hope for the Right to Hope?

    A disappointing Chamber judgment in Hutchinson v the UK led on 17 January 2017 to an equally disappointing Grand Chamber judgment in the same case. This case was a follow-up from the Court’s judgment in Vinter v the UK in which the Court ruled that life sentences without parole which cannot be reviewed are incompatible with the Convention as they violate Article 3 ECHR – the ...

    Kanstantsin Dzehtsiarou/ Verfassungsblog- 37 Leser -


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