Verfassungsblog - Artikel vom Dezember 2016

  • Turkey’s draft constitutional amendments: harking back to 1876?

    In the last month of 2016, Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the fourth biggest party, the National Movement Party (MHP) unveiled a controversial new draft constitution which aims at a total system change. Initially, the most striking changes include the strengthening of the presidency with several new powers and no accountability to the judiciary.

    Verfassungsblog- 62 Leser -
  • Cleaning up after 2016

    Dear Friends of Verfassungsblog, the end of this year of 2016 draws close, and relief about that fact, ill-founded as it may be, is palpable wherever I go. It has been a rough ride for constitutionalists, and we all deserve some days of rest and peace, if we can afford it. Therefore, I will spare you with seasonal reviews and reflections on these almost consistently dreadful t ...

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 55 Leser -
  • Constitutional Capture in Poland 2016 and Beyond: What is Next?

    2016 will go down in history as fundamental in the institutional history of Polish Constitutionalism. It began with an unprecedented attack on the Constitutional Tribunal, rule of law, checks and balances and judicial independence. It ends with full-blown constitutional crisis. The dramatic events in the Sejm and on the streets only corroborate that Poland is on the slippery ...

    Verfassungsblog- 31 Leser -
  • A Game of Values: Particular National Identities Awaken in Europe

    “Winter is coming” (George R. R. Martin, A Game of Thrones) This article focuses on the relation between constitution and society, namely how the popular perception of identity and values can impact on constitutional democracy and its institutions, and how the reformulation of national identities can endanger the European project and constitutional democracy itself.

    Verfassungsblog- 36 Leser -
  • From Greenland to Svalbard: Scotland’s quest for a differentiated Brexit

    On 20 December 2016, the Scottish Government released its blueprint on how Scotland can remain in the European Single Market post-Brexit. From the governing SNP’s point of view, the paper can be seen as a compromise given that it does not advocate Scottish independence. Instead, it proposes that the best outcome for the UK as a whole is to remain in the European Economic Agre ...

    Verfassungsblog- 59 Leser -
  • After Fragmentation: The Constitution of a Core European Citizenry?

    Everywhere you look, Europe seems to be at a turning point. The prospect of complete withdrawal of an EU Member State (‘Brexit’) is only the most dramatic instance of a general trend of fragmentation in European integration. For the first time in the history of the Union, every national of a Member State may lose their rights and status as EU citizens.

    Verfassungsblog- 47 Leser -
  • Toward Hominid and Other Humanoid Rights: Are We Witnessing a Legal Revolution?

    On 3 November 2016, an Argentinian judge granted habeas corpus relief to Cecilia, a person held captive in a small cage. Nothing out of the ordinary – except for the fact that Cecilia is not a battered woman or abused girl, but a chimpanzee kept at Mendoza zoo. This 1 % genetic difference turns this into a landmark judgment of potentially revolutionary proportions.

    Verfassungsblog- 58 Leser -
  • Towards a Solution for the Ratification Conundrum of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement?

    A Decision of the EU Heads of State or Government, adopted as an annex to the 15 December 2016 European Council conclusions, should allow to proceed with the ratification process of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement. This process had been stalled following the Dutch referendum of 6 April 2016 when over 61 % of the voters rejected the approval of the agreement in the Netherlands.

    Verfassungsblog- 52 Leser -
  • A Homeless Ghost? European Legal Integration in Search of a Polity

    A member of the European Parliament recently compared the European Union to an Airbus on autopilot attempting to cross the Alps without taking off the ground. Be it the EU’s piecemeal approach to fixing its economic governance post-financial crisis or its inability to speak with one voice in matters of common concern from internal border management to external trade: there i ...

    Verfassungsblog- 32 Leser -
  • After the Italian Referendum

    So much was at stake for Italy, its political class and its economy, and for the European Union (EU) and its member states in the country’s failed referendum on constitutional reform. In the EU, Germany is a particularly sensitive case. The relations between Germany and Italy are a focal point in Europe. They used to be in an asymmetric, albeit comforting, equilibrium.

    Christian Joerges/ Verfassungsblog- 56 Leser -
  • Do(n’t) think twice, it’s all right: der EuGH beerdigt die Vorratsdatenspeicherung

    2016 – das Jahr der zuvor lange aufgeschobenen Entscheidungen? Die Schwedische Akademie zeichnet den seit gefühlten Ewigkeiten als Kandidaten gehandelten Bob Dylan endlich mit dem Literaturnobelpreis aus. Angela Merkel erklärt, dass sie noch einmal kandidiert. Und der EuGH beerdigt kurz vor Weihnachten im zweiten Anlauf die Vorratsdatenspeicherung (C-203/15, Tele2 Sverige u.a.).

    Verfassungsblog- 75 Leser -
  • Collective Expulsion and the Khlaifia Case: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back

    When the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) delivered its judgment in the case of Khlaifia and Others v. Italy yesterday, many may have felt considerable disappointment. I for one did. What had started as a next step in the development of the case-law on the prohibition of collective expulsion (Art. 4 Prot.

    Verfassungsblog- 43 Leser -
  • Italy before the Constitutional Referendum: „I do not see any Armageddon Scenario“

    Imagine Italy a year from now, if the NO camp carries the day and voters decide against Prime Minister Renzi’s call for a constitutional overhaul on December 4th: What do you see? That is a political question. But I will express my personal view. A year from now, I do not see any “Armageddon” scenario. Italy will vote in 2018 and the legislature will conclude its term.

    Verfassungsblog- 64 Leser -
  • Freedom of Assembly in Poland: Next in Line?

    Dear Friends of Verfassungsblog, Public protest seems to be the best hope civil society now has in Poland against its increasingly authoritarian government. The efficacy of the "black protests" by hundreds of thousands of black-clad women and men who took to the streets in all major cities in October to rally against a radical piece of anti-abortion legislation had put a visib ...

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 79 Leser -
  • Nur fragmentarischer Schutz: Asyl wegen sexueller Orientierung und Geschlechtsidentität

    In vielen Staaten werden Menschen nach wie vor wegen ihrer sexuellen Orientierung oder Geschlechtsidentität verfolgt. In Deutschland haben sie Anspruch darauf, als Flüchtlinge anerkannt zu werden – so sehen es die Qualifikationsrichtlinie und das deutsche Asylrecht ausdrücklich vor. Dennoch ist die Situation von „SOGI-Flüchtlingen“ (zum Begriff hier, S. 8) auch in Deutschland nicht rosig.

    Verfassungsblog- 63 Leser -
  • Wer ist Flüchtling? Zum Hin und Her der Entscheidungspraxis zu Asylsuchenden aus Syrien

    Syrische Flüchtlinge sind die größte Gruppe von Asylsuchenden in Deutschland und erhalten hier Schutz – aber nicht unbedingt einen einheitlichen Status. Das erstaunt zunächst nicht, da Asylanträge individuell zu prüfen sind. Die Frage der Statusgewährung hängt jedoch nicht nur von der persönlichen Situation der Betroffenen ab, sondern maßgeblich von der rechtlichen Wertung, d ...

    Verfassungsblog- 91 Leser -
  • Studiengebühren für Schwache: Baden-Württemberg und das Verfassungs- und Völkerrecht

    Die baden-württembergische Landesregierung hat Anfang des Monats einen Gesetzentwurf für die Einführung von Studiengebühren für ausländische Studierende und für ein Zweitstudium vorgelegt. Der Vorstoß ist nicht nur wissenschafts- und sozialpolitisch problematisch, sondern wirft auch Fragen nach der Verfassungs- und Völkerrechtsmäßigkeit selektiver Studiengebühren auf.

    Verfassungsblog- 76 Leser -
  • Christmas Showdown in Poland

    Dear Friends of Verfassungsblog, something decidedly un-christmasy is going on right now in Poland. On Thursday, I have talked to a person close to the ongoing conflict about the Polish Constitutional Tribunal on the phone, and here is what I have learnt: The PiS government is repeating all the dirty legislative tricks they were playing to the Tribunal as whole, to make sur ...

    Maximilian Steinbeis/ Verfassungsblog- 71 Leser -
  • Shared powers: the elephant in the room in the division of powers-debate

    The saga surrounding the signing of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) has again brought the issue of the division of foreign affairs powers between the EU and its Member States to the centre of attention of many an EU lawyer. How far do the EU’s exclusive powers to conduct a ‘common commercial policy’ reach? Do implied powers supplement the EU’s express ex ...

    Verfassungsblog- 36 Leser -
  • Entweder Robe oder Kopftuch: gläserne Decke für muslimische Frauen?

    Rechtsreferendarinnen kann nach geltender Rechtslage in Bayern das Tragen eines Kopftuches nicht weiterhin versagt werden. So hat das Augsburger Verwaltungsgericht (VG) am 30. Juni entschieden (Az. Au 2 K 15.457). Die Klägerin des Verfahrens, Aqilah Sandhu, war seit 2014 im Vorbereitungsdienst der Justiz, den sie kürzlich, trotz des Rechtsstreits, mit einer überdurchschnittli ...

    Verfassungsblog- 99 Leser -

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