EU – Border crossing – case of the Republic of Cyprus

Der Beitrag “EU – Border crossing – case of the Republic of Cyprus” wurde im Rahmen des Criminologia Preisausschreibens von Tatjana Vukelic eingereicht. Der Beitrag wurde mit dem ersten Platz ausgezeichnet.

Since Turkey’s invasion of the northern region of the island in 1974, the status of Cyprus is at the centre of an international dispute, yet to be resolved. Despite this, the Republic of Cyprus became a full member of the European Union in 2004.

According to official sources of the Republic of Cyprus, such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs “The legal ports of entry into the Republic of Cyprus are the airports of Larnaca and Paphos and the ports of Larnaca, Limassol, Latsi and Paphos”. Moreover, “any entry into the territory of the Republic of Cyprus via any other port or airport in the area of Cyprus in which the Government of the Republic does not exercise effective control (Turkish occupied area) is illegal.”

On a practical point of view, the situation is very different. In the Turkish occupied northern Cyprus, the airport of Ercan regularly connects the island to Istanbul and other Turkish cities. The airport is not recognized by international aviation institutions such as IATA or ICAO. Nevertheless according to the website of the Ercan airport “Pegasus Airlines, OnurAir and Turkish Airlines, and many foreign airlines make scheduled flights to various parts of Turkey. Scheduled flights to Northern Cyprus are made from Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Antalya and Adana.” Although the direct flights are only to Turkey, “flights to Northern Cyprus via Turkey can be made from all over the world”. For example, at the time of writing, flights from Hamburg to Nicosia (Ercan airport) can be booked online via the Turkish Airlines website ...

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