(Polizeirecht) EGMR vom 15.3.2012:Containment within police cordon during violent demonstration did not amount to deprivation of liberty (39692/09)

Die große Kammer des EGMR hatte sich am 15.3.2012 mit der Frage auseinanderzusetzen, ob die Einkesselung von Demonstranten (“not allowed to exit a police cordon) eine freiheitsentziehende Maßnahme (deprivation of liberty) nach der MRK darstellt. Die Maßnahme sei verhältnismäßig gewesen (am wenigstens einschneidend – least instrusive and most effective). Interessant die Ausführungen zur MRK, wonach diese ein “lebendiges Instrument” sei, die im Lichte der Gegenwart betrachten werden müsse. Hierbei betrachtet der EGMR auch die “wachsenden Gefahren” durch die Mobilisierung von Demonstranten durch moderne Telekommunikationsmittel (?).

“Even by 2001, advances in communications technology had made it possible to mobilise protesters rapidly and covertly on a hitherto unknown scale” In today’s Grand Chamber judgment in the case Austin and Others v. the United Kingdom (application nos. 39692/09, 40713/09 and 41008/09), which is final1, the European Court of Human Rights held, by a majority, that there had been: No violation of Article 5 (right to liberty and security) of the European Convention on Human Rights. The case concerned a complaint by a demonstrator and some passers-by that they were not allowed to exit a police cordon for almost seven hours during a protest against globalisation in London. The Court notably found that the people within the cordon had not been deprived of their liberty within the meaning of the Convention. In particular, the police had imposed the cordon to isolate and contain a large crowd in dangerous and volatile conditions. This had been the least intrusive and most effective means to protect the public from violence. Although the police tried to start dispersing the crowd throughout the afternoon, they had been unable to do so as the danger had persisted ...

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